Plants need sun, water and nutrients to grow. The nutrients can be taken from air or soil. If there is an ample supply of nutrients in the soil, crops are more likely to grow well and produce high yields. If even one of the nutrients needed is in short supply, plant growth is limited and crop yields are reduced.
Fertilizers are needed to obtain high yields because they supply crops with the nutrients the soil lacks. By adding fertilizers, crop yields can often be doubled or even tripled.
Fertilizer can be classified as natural or manufactured and material containing at least 5% of one or more of the three primary nutrients - nitrogen (N), phosphorous (P), or potassium (K) - can be considered a fertilizer. The two most important are organic manure and mineral fertilizers. When manure and crop residues are used, organic/mineral fertilizers supply the outstanding nutrient balance.
The three main nutrients for fertilizers N, P, K are readily available and by mixing two or more nutrients, purifying and treating them makesthem readily absorbable by plants.
The earth’s atmosphere contains 78% nitrogen; however, the nitrogen is in a chemically inert form that plants (except legumes) cannot use. Large amounts of energy are required to convert this nitrogen to a form that can be used by plants. The production of ammonia from atmospheric nitrogen was made possible in the first part of the 20th century by the development of the Haber-Bosch process. The most important nitrogen-based fertilizers are urea and ammonium nitrate.
Phosphorus, in the form of phosphate (a salt of phosphoric acid) is mined from naturally occurring mineral deposits (phosphate rock) that were once sediments at the bottom of ancient seas. Rock phosphate is the raw material used in the manufacture of most commercial phosphate fertilizers.
The potassium used in fertilizers is found in a salt form called potash. Potash deposits are derived from evaporated sea water.
Most of the Sulphur used by the fertilizer industry is a by-product of other industrial processes.
Common fertilizer products
Ammonia/Ammonium sulphate (AS)/Ammonium nitrate (AN)/Calcium ammonium nitrate (CAN)/Urea
Single superphosphate (SSP)/Triple superphosphate (TSP)/Diammonium phosphate (DAP)/
Monoammonium phosphate (MAP)/ Rock Phosphate
Muriate of potash (MOP)/Sulphate of potash/Sulphate of potash magnesia
NP fertilizers/NK fertilizers/PK fertilizers
MSK fertilizer Services protect and assure our fertilizer clients and their products, our coverage at fertilizer producing countries and experience meet the specifications of buyers and sellers worldwide. Our inspectors and surveyorsprovide reports via internet link directly to clients. MSK certificates are accepted and recognized in the fertilizer trade for commercial negotiations.
The key aspects of this type of responsibility are close monitoring, observations, accurate testing, proper documentation and meticulous record keeping. We have adopted IT very aggressively and have implemented an ERP solution for conducting the day-to-day operations across all the branches with laboratories. The culture of our Company is centered on accurate independent and fast analysis for commodities and is completely focused.
Our services normally comprise the following elements:
- Weighing supervision, draft surveys
- Hatch cleanliness
- vessel's history checking
- Supervision of loading and discharge
- Quantitative and qualitative inspection/sampling-Contractual sampling,
samples preparation and sealing , Testing and analysis
- Photographic documentation.
Fertilizer cargo inspected and tested:
- SSP AND TSP
- Muriate of Potash